The beginning of the National Diagnostic Centre dates back to the period of Latvian occupation by the Soviets, i.e. 1944 when the operation of the Republic Veterinary and Bacteriological Laboratory was renewed by the decision No.234 (November 14, 1944) issued by Latvian SSR People’s Commissariat of Agriculture. No copy has been preserved in funds of the Latvian State Archives of the decision to establish the laboratory, but according to the 26th of April, report to the Statistics Department by Veterinary Authority of the People's Commissariat of Agriculture, the laboratory of veterinary and bacteriological examinations (located in Riga, Ormaņu Street 32) was at the disposal of the Administration.
Since the renewal the laboratory is the budget authority with rights of legal person.
According to the order No.42 (February 12, 1964) issued by the Ministry of Agricultural Production and Supply of the Latvian SSR, since March 12, 1964 the Republican Veterinary and Bacteriological Laboratory was renamed into the Republican Veterinary Laboratory.
The main tasks of the laboratory were set out according to the Standard Regulations of the Republican Veterinary Laboratory, approved by the Central Veterinary Board of the USSR Ministry of Agriculture on April 28, 1955, namely:
- laboratorial and diagnostic investigations of animals, birds, blood, pathological material, fodder, water etc.;
- development and approval of diagnosis for cases of diseases and deaths of animals, birds, fur animals, fish, bees; preparation of directions and conclusions with respect to disease prophylaxis and prevention, responsibility for the elimination of contagious animal diseases in the Republic;
- methodical guidance and consulting of the territorial veterinary laboratories, assistance to veterinaries of kolkhozes and Soviet farms;
- analysis of epizootic, parasitic, non-infectious diseases and ecological situation as well as performance analysis of preventive measures,
- accounting and summarization of veterinary statistics, preparation of reports according to the institutional regulations;
- training and certification of specialists.
Upon restoration of Latvian State independence in 1991, according to the order No.108 (April 22, 1992) issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Latvia, the Republican Veterinary Laboratory was renamed into State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre.
According to the Regulations approved by the State Veterinary Department on January 3, 1992, the State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre is the main republican diagnostic and methodical work centre of the State Veterinary Department.
The main tasks of the State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre:
- laboratorial and diagnostic investigations;
- development and approval of diagnosis for cases of diseases and deaths of animals, birds, fur animals, fish, bees; preparation of instructions and conclusions for disease prevention and monitoring;
- methodical guidance of the work and consulting on its implementation for territorial veterinary laboratories and meat plants as well as professional training and certification of specialists;
- quality control of food products, imports and exports of cattle breeding, plant-growing, apicultural and fish farming products;
- development, approbation and improvement of laboratory diagnostic methods, promotion of their introduction in the work of the territorial veterinary laboratories;
- analysis of epizootic, parasitic and non-infectious diseases and ecological situation and performance of preventive measures, prognosis of disease spreading in the republic;
- accounting and summarization of veterinary statistics, preparation of reports and documentation;
- popularisation of the latest achievements in veterinary medicine.
The Regulation of the Diagnostic Centre was approved by the State Veterinary Department on December 16, 1996. The status, tasks and rights of the Centre were not changed.
Due to coming into force of the Law on Veterinary Medicine on July 1, 2001, and activities of the Cabinet and ministries in the process of establishing concept of State administrative - territorial reform, as well as starting establishment operations of unified service for supervision of food movement, the name of State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre was changed according to the Direction No.195 (29th June, 2001) issued by the State Veterinary Service 2001. Since July 1, 2001 State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Centre became the State Veterinary Diagnostic Centre of Latvian Food and Veterinary Service.
Since January 1, 2006, as a result of optimization of interrelated functions of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Health, laboratories of the State Veterinary Diagnostic Centre of Latvian Food and Veterinary Service were merged with the laboratories of the state agency under the Ministry of Health - "Public Health Agency”. It was beginning of the operation of the National Diagnostic Center (NDC).
Field of action of the former State Veterinary Diagnostic Centre of Latvian Food and Veterinary Service was extended. In addition to former laboratories of NDC: the Laboratory of Food and Environmental Investigations and the Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, the Human Disease Diagnostic Laboratory began its action. Base of resources of National Diagnostic Centre as well as the unified strategy in the different areas of investigation allows using the saved means for ensuring of wider and more qualitative and effective operation.
The goal of NDC activities is to provide laboratory diagnostics, to help ensure human and animal health, animal welfare, measurements of environmental health risk factors and reliable and safe food movement.
The National Diagnostic Centre:
- ensures the microbiological diagnosis of human diseases, investigations in focus of infectious disease as well as laboratory investigations related to environment and human health;
- carries out testing of food products as well as hygienic investigations related with environment and food movement;
- performs investigations of drinking water, bathing ground water and bathing water quality monitoring services;
- provides animal disease diagnostics as well as laboratory investigations related to environment and movement of food, veterinary drugs, pharmaceutical products, animal feed and feed additives;
- performs chemical and physico-chemical testing of packaging materials, perfumes and cosmetics, toys, atmosphere, air of indoor and the working area, as well as physical investigatins of environment;
- provides conformity assessment and certification of fishery product processing companies and their production.
Directors of the National Diagnostic Centre:
1997 - 2013 - Rafaels Joffe , Director of The Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment BIOR
1971 - 1997 - Aivars Dedziņš, Director of the Republican Veterinary Laboratory (at Ormaņu Street 32) and Director of the State Veterinary Medicine Diagnostics Centre (1971-1997);
1967 - 1971 - Ivars Sīpols, Director of the Republican Veterinary Laboratory;
1963 - 1967 - Voldemārs Lāriņš, (1915th-1995.), Director of the Republican Veterinary Laboratory (until 1964 known as the Republican Veterinary Bacteriological Laboratory);
1953 - 1963 - Jevģēnija Krasņikova, Director of the Republican Veterinary Bacteriological Laboratory;
1951 – 1953 - Vera Sotņikova, Director of the Republican Veterinary Bacteriological Laboratory;
1944 - 1950 - Irina Klesmete, Director of the Republican Veterinary Bacteriological Laboratory;